10 Essential facts you need to understand about the Belgian education system

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Discover the intricacies of the Belgian education system through these ten key facts. From language diversity to regional distinctions, Belgium's educational landscape offers a unique blend of tradition and innovation.


1. Language Diversity:

The Belgian education system stands out for its rich linguistic diversity, with three official languages: Dutch, French, and German. This diversity shapes the educational framework, with distinct communities for each language.

2. Regional Division:

Education in Belgium is organized along regional lines, with dedicated regions for the Dutch-speaking community (Flanders), the French-speaking community (Wallonia), and the German-speaking community (in the eastern part of the country)

3. Compulsory Education:

Compulsory education spans from ages 6 to 18, though variations exist in the structure and content across communities and regions.

4. Preschool Education:

Preschool education, available from ages 2.5 to 6, focuses on early childhood development and socialization, preparing children for primary school. While not mandatory, it plays a crucial role in a child's early learning journey.

5. Primary Education:

Primary education spans six years and is delivered in either Dutch or French, depending on the linguistic region.

6. Secondary Education:

Following primary education, secondary education typically lasts for six years and offers diverse tracks, including general, technical, and vocational education, catering to varied student interests and career aspirations.

7. Variety of Education Forms:

Secondary education encompasses a range of forms, including General Secondary Education (ASO), Technical Secondary Education (TSO), Vocational Secondary Education (BSO), and Artistic Secondary Education (KSO), providing students with diverse learning pathways.

8. Higher Education:

Belgium boasts a wide array of higher education institutions, such as universities, colleges, and art academies, managed by the respective communities and regions.

9. Bilingual Education in Brussels:

In Brussels, an officially bilingual region, students have access to bilingual education options, reflecting the city's linguistic diversity and cultural vibrancy.

10. Autonomy of Communities:

Each language community enjoys considerable autonomy over its education system, encompassing curriculum development, teacher training, and educational policies, fostering a tailored approach to learning.

11. International Schools:

Belgium hosts several international schools catering to expatriate communities, offering education in languages beyond the official Belgian languages, enhancing cultural exchange and global engagement.


Explore the multifaceted landscape of Belgian education and unlock opportunities for personal and academic growth in this diverse and dynamic environment. At Care-Force we give our candidates during the Language Academy an Excellence program, where we teach them all about the Belgium culture!

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10 Essential facts you need to understand about the Belgian education system
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